Leukemia symptoms, causes and treatment methods

Leukemia is one of the most common diseases among children. The cause of leukemia has not yet been established. Or what is known as leukemia, but there are some factors that may increase the risk of developing cancer in the blood, Such as genetic factors represented by genetic and biological disorders, constant exposure to radiation, And finally, environmental pollution.

In this article, we will discuss in detail, The most important causes and symptoms of leukemia, the most important methods of diagnosis and how to treat it through Duxpert Health experts .

Symptoms of leukemia

There are many symptoms of leukemia that the patient may feel in case of leukemia, Through the following lines, we will discuss the most common symptoms that a leukemia patient suffers from, which are as follows:

  1. Exposure to fever or shivering.
  2. constant feeling of tiredness, Asthenia and general weakness.
  3. Frequent infections occur.
  4. Loss of appetite or weight loss.
  5. Swollen lymph nodes.
  6. Enlargement of the liver and spleen.
  7. Exposure to cases of bleeding or the appearance of some bruises on the body.
  8. Experiencing shortness of breath during any physical activity or when climbing stairs
  9. Small red spots appear on the skin.
  10. excessive sweating, Especially at night
  11. Feeling of pain or sensitivity in the bones.

Symptoms of leukemia in women

We will mention the most common symptoms of leukemia in women through the following lines:

  1. significant weight loss, result of having digestive disorders and a feeling of fullness, Hence severe weight loss.
  2. the presence of changes in the size and shape of the breast, It is represented by pain, redness and thickening of the skin of the breast, inflammation and severe rash.
  3. Changes in skin color that may persist for a long period of time
  4. feeling bloated during menstruation, persistence for a long period of time, Because leukemia may cause ovarian cancer, abdominal pain and pelvic pain.
  5. The appearance of blood in the stool or bleeding and the appearance of small blue spots under the skin.
  6. Constant feeling of tiredness and fatigue

Causes of leukemia

There may not be a clear cause of leukemia, but there may be some factors that can lead to leukemia, including the following:

  1. Leukemia arises as a result of a defect in the bone marrow, Thus, the cancer moves from the marrow to the blood cells, Then it spreads to different parts and tissues of the body.
  2. Leukemia develops due to the overgrowth of white blood cells in the bone marrow. Leukemia affects women and children in large proportion.
  3. people with previous cancer, They have undergone certain types of chemotherapy or radiotherapy to treat other types of cancer.
  4. Having a genetic factor or a medical history, Like people with Down syndrome, it increases the risk of developing leukemia.
  5. Exposure to radioactive materials or certain chemicals.

Methods for diagnosing leukemia

There are several methods of diagnosing leukemia that the oncologist at Duxpert Health uses to:

  • Complete blood test (CBC), where a check is made for all types of cells in order to detect and observe, If there is any change in the normal numbers of blood cells, The examination is also performed on a blood smear from the patient for inspection and detection of any abnormal or incomplete cells.
  • A bone marrow biopsy, in which a sample of marrow is taken from the pelvic bones, using a rather long needle. This examination aims to determine the type, severity, and degree of leukemia.
  • spinal cord biopsy, To help determine the extent of leukemia.
  • Performing some radiological images, as is the case in (CT, MRI, PET) to detect any signs of leukemia.

blood cancer treatment

The methods of treatment of leukemia that the oncologist follow at "Duxpert Health" vary according to the diagnosis of the case and based on which the optimal treatment method is determined:

chemotherapy

Where an oncologist prescribes Duxpert Health a group of anti-cancer drugs, Which are given by intravenous injection or taken by mouth to enter the bloodstream, Thus, it affects cancer cells in most parts of the body.

Doctors also use intralesional injections of the anticancer directly into the cerebrospinal fluid.

radiotherapy

It is used along with chemotherapy in some types of leukemia. It emits high-energy and capable beams, It destroys cancer cells and prevents them from growing.

Radiation therapy for leukemia can also be given in one of two ways:

first method, The doctor directs radiation to a specific area of the body where a group of leukemia cells is present. such as the spleen or testicles, and the other way where the radiation is directed to the whole body, They are usually used before a bone marrow transplant.

biological therapy

It is a type of leukemia treatment method. Which is based on treatment with substances that affect the immune system's response to cancer, such as: interferon, Which is used against some types of leukemia.

stem cell transplant

in some cases, Stem cell transplantation is resorted to because high doses destroy leukemia cells and normal blood cells in Bone marrow , which is used to transplant healthy stem cells, through a flexible tube that is placed in a vein in the neck or chest area, to produce new blood cells from these stem cells.

Is leukemia dangerous?

can be considered a serious disease, If it is not treated immediately after being diagnosed, The treatment of leukemia varies from one person to another, according to the vision of an oncologist at Duxpert Health. This depends on several factors, including: the age, the health and condition of the patient in general, The type and degree of cancer in the blood and if it has spread to other places.

What is the cure rate for leukemia?

The cure rate for leukemia depends on several factors, the most important of which are:

The age of the patient, the stage of the disease, the degree and type of injury, and the method of treatment followed. In any case, the cure rate may increase. The faster and more efficient the treatment, The cure rate for some types of cancer can be as high as 100%. Especially in people who are healthy and physically strong and who receive treatment in the early stages of the disease.

In the end

At the end of this article, we recommend seeking medical help if there are no changes in the body and feeling the symptoms of leukemia mentioned previously. Treatment at Duxpert Health focuses primarily on the diagnosis and treatment of leukemia symptoms and how to control the symptoms associated with it.

It was also clarified in this article about the methods of treating leukemia and its most important causes through "Duxpert Health", and if you encounter any question or inquiry, do not hesitate to send it to be answered as soon as possible.

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