lupus erythematosus, its causes, Symptoms and how to treat it

It is a chronic autoimmune disease that damages any part of the body (such as: skin, organs, joints).

Lupus is not considered contagious Where the immune system attacks the body’s cells in general as a foreign body, It causes many diseases called autoimmune diseases. Which attacks the body’s organs.

In this article, we will discuss more about the causes, symptoms and methods of treating SLE through a dermatologist at Docspert.

What is lupus erythematosus?

It is a chronic skin disease that causes red spots to appear on the surface of the skin in the cheek area. The degree of its severity varies according to the nature of each case. The reason is due to a defect in the immune system.

Symptoms of Lupus Erythematosus

Symptoms of lupus erythematosus can appear suddenly and range from mild to severe. It can also be temporary or permanent, Symptoms depend on the nature of each body, and these symptoms include:

  • Feeling of pain, stiffness, stiffness and swelling of the joints.
  • Feeling very tired.
  • Ulcers appearing in the mouth and nose.
  • The appearance of a rash on the face (in the form of a butterfly).
  • Feeling of chest pain.
  • Impairment in the work of kidney function.
  • An increase in body temperature.
  • Extreme sensitivity to light.
  • Feeling short of breath.
  • Significant weight loss
  • Severe dry eyes.
  • Headache and memory loss.
  • Fingers or toes change color to white or blue in case of exposure to cold or exposure to psychological stress.

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Causes of Lupus Erythematosus

There is no specific cause for SLE, and this disease arises as a result of environmental, genetic, hormonal factors and genetic predisposition to SLE, but there are some factors that can lead to infection with this disease , which we will address through the following lines:

  1. Infection, disease, or infection with certain types of bacteria.
  2. Exposure to the sun at noon.
  3. Taking certain medications that can cause SLE (such as: high blood pressure medications, and anti-epileptic drugs, as well as antibiotics).
  4. The occurrence of hormonal changes, especially during puberty.
  5. Smoking intake.

Complications of Lupus Erythematosus

  • SLE can cause kidney damage and, in other cases, kidney failure.
  • SLE sufferers can experience headaches, dizziness, behavioral changes and vision problems. and memory problems.
  • Lupus can lead to blood-related problems such as: Anemia, thrombosis, or vasculitis.
  • Infection in the lining of the chest cavity, and in some cases this leads to bleeding inside the lungs and pneumonia.
  • Weakness and deterioration of the condition of the bones.
  • Pregnancy complications, which can increase the risks of miscarriage, high blood pressure during pregnancy, and preterm birth.
  • SLE weakens the heart muscle, and the risk of cardiovascular disease and heart attacks increases dramatically.

Methods for Diagnosing Lupus Erythematosus

It cannot be said that there is a specific method for diagnosing SLE. Among the methods that the dermatologist relies on “Duxpert” in diagnosing SLE are:

  • Physical examination and detection of family history of lupus erythematosus.
  • Doing blood analysis tests through a test red and white blood cell count, The platelets will detect the amount of hemoglobin, a protein found in red blood cells.
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) test to detect lupus erythematosus.
  • Performing a urinalysis, which shows if there is an increase in the level of protein or red blood cells in the urine
  • A skin or kidney biopsy test to detect signs of SLE.
  • X-ray imaging.

lupus Erythematosus Treatment

There are several methods followed by the dermatologist at Docspert in treating this type of disease, after conducting the necessary examinations, and accordingly, the appropriate treatment plan is determined according to the nature of each case:

Drug Therapy

There are three common types of medication used to treat lupus erythematosus:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Corticosteroids, which treat the inflammation of lupus erythematosus.
  • Prescribing immunosuppressive drugs, which stop the immune system from attacking, and are useful in some serious cases.
  • Take biologic medications, as they are prescribed to reduce symptoms and reduce the severity of SLE.
  • Antimalarials, which affect the immune system and help reduce the risk of lupus infections.
  • cortisone medications

Lifestyle Change Therapy

Changing your lifestyle may help you to reduce the severity of the disease and reduce its severity, which is as follows:

  1. Working on regular periodic examinations, as it is useful in detecting the onset of health problems and treating them at the beginning.
  2. Follow a healthy diet and pay attention to exercise, which is useful in preventing the emergence of complications of lupus erythematosus. Sports also strengthen the bones of the body, reduce the risk of heart attacks, enhance blood circulation, and avoid nervous stress and depression.
  3. Avoid exposure to the hot sun, sun protection creams, sunglasses, and a hat to avoid exposure to the sun must be applied.
  4. Refrain from smoking because it increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and atherosclerosis, as well as increases the severity of the effects of lupus on the heart and blood vessels.
  5. Getting enough sleep and rest relieves the fatigue and fatigue that afflicts SLE patients, which is different from the normal fatigue that normal people feel.
  6. Take vitamin D and calcium supplements.

Alternative medicine therapy

SLE can be treated through alternative medicine such as:

  • Take supplements that contain the hormone dehydroepiandrosterone, which improves fatigue and muscle pain.
  • Take supplements that contain fish oil, because it contains fatty acids and omega-3 oil, which are useful in treating SLE.
  • Acupuncture helps relieve muscle pain associated with SLE.
  • Eating flax seeds because they contain a fatty acid that reduces inflammation in the body and the inflammation of lupus erythematosus.

In the end

At the end of this article, we recommend seeking medical help if there are no changes in the nature of the body and feeling the symptoms of SLE that were mentioned previously, as the treatment at Duxpert by the best dermatologist focuses primarily on the diagnosis and treatment of SLE and how Control of associated symptoms and methods of treatment.

It was also clarified in this article about the methods of treating lupus erythematosus, its most important causes, and how to treat it through Docspert. If you encounter any questions or inquiries, do not hesitate to send it to be answered as soon as possible.

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