There are many types of cancer treatment. The types of treatment you receive depend on the type of cancer you have and how advanced it is. Some people with cancer will only have one treatment. But most people have a combination of treatments, Such as surgery with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. When you need cancer treatment, You have a lot to learn and think about. It is normal to feel confused. But talking with your doctor and learning about the types of treatment you might get can help you feel more in control.
A biomarker test is a way to look for genes, proteins, and other substances (called biomarkers or tumor markers) that can provide information about cancer. Each cancer has a unique pattern of biomarkers. Certain biomarkers affect how some cancer treatments work. Testing your biomarkers may help you and your doctor choose a cancer treatment for you.
There are also other types of biomarkers that can help doctors diagnose and monitor cancer during and after treatment.
Biomarker testing is intended for people with cancer. People with solid tumors and people with leukemia can have biomarkers tested.
Biomarker testing is different from the genetic tests used to find out if a person has inherited mutations that make them more likely to develop cancer. Inherited mutations are those you are born with. It is passed on to you by your parents
surgery, When used to treat cancer, It is a procedure in which the surgeon removes the cancer from your body. Surgeons often use small, thin knives, are called scalpels, and other sharp tools for cutting during surgery. The surgery often requires cuts in the skin, muscle, and sometimes bone. after surgery, These wounds can be painful and take some time to heal. There are many types of surgery. Types vary based on the purpose of the surgery. the part of the body that requires surgery, the amount of tissue to be removed, In some cases, What the patient prefers. The surgery may be open (highly invasive) or minimally invasive.
in open surgery, The surgeon makes a large cut to remove the tumor, some healthy tissue, and possibly some nearby lymph nodes.
In minimally invasive surgery, The surgeon makes a few small cuts instead of a large one. You insert a long, thin tube with a tiny camera into one of the small incisions. This tube is called a laparoscope. The camera displays images of the inside of the body on a screen, This allows the surgeon to see what he's doing. Special surgical tools inserted through other small incisions are used to remove the tumor and some healthy tissue. Many types of cancer are treated with surgery. Surgery works best for solid tumors located in one area. It is a topical treatment. Meaning it only treats the cancerous part of your body. It is not used for leukemia (a type of blood cancer) or for metastatic cancers.
Sometimes surgery is the only treatment you need. but more often than not, You'll also get other cancer treatments.
Radiation therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses high doses of radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. At higher doses, Radiation therapy kills cancer cells or slows their growth by damaging their DNA. Cancer cells whose DNA is irreparably damaged stop dividing or die. When damaged cells die, They are broken down and removed by the body.
Radiation therapy does not immediately kill cancer cells. It takes days or weeks of treatment before the DNA is damaged enough for cancer cells to die. after that, Cancer cells continue to die for weeks or months after radiation therapy ends.
Chemotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy works by stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells that grow and divide rapidly. Chemotherapy is used to treat cancer or stop its growth.
Chemotherapy is used to treat many types of cancer. for some people, Chemotherapy may be the only treatment you receive. but more often than not, You'll undergo chemotherapy and other types of cancer treatments. The types of treatment you need depend on the type of cancer you have. and whether and where it has spread, And if you suffer from other health problems.
When used with other treatments, Chemotherapy can: It makes the tumor smaller before surgery or radiation therapy. Cancer cells that may remain after treatment with surgery or radiotherapy can also be destroyed. and helping other treatments work better and kill cancer cells that have returned or have spread to other parts of your body.
Hormone therapy is a treatment that slows or stops the growth of breast cancer and prostate cancer that uses hormones to grow. Hormone therapy is used for: Cancer treatment. Hormone therapy can reduce the chance of cancer coming back, stop or slow its growth and relieve symptoms of cancer. Hormone therapy may be used to reduce or prevent symptoms in men with prostate cancer who are unable to have surgery or radiation therapy.
Hormone therapy is divided into two broad groups, Those that block the body's ability to produce hormones and those that interfere with the body's hormone behavior.
When used with other treatments, Hormone therapy can: It makes the tumor smaller before surgery or radiation therapy. It can also reduce the risk of cancer returning after treatment. It kills cancer cells that have returned or spread to other parts of your body.
Hyperthermia is a type of treatment in which body tissues are heated to up to 113 degrees Fahrenheit to help destroy and kill cancer cells with little or no damage to normal tissue. Heat therapy for cancer treatment is not widely available. But in some centers, It is used with other treatments such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy for advanced cancers.
Various types of techniques can be used to generate heat to treat hyperthermia. These technologies include: Sensors that produce energy from microwaves, radio waves (also called radiofrequency), lasers, ultrasound, and heating fluids such as blood or chemotherapy drugs, and put them into the body (called perfusion) as well as placing the whole body in a warm room or hot water bath, or wrapping it in heated blankets.
Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that helps the immune system fight cancer. Your immune system helps your body fight infections and other diseases. It consists of white blood cells and the organs and tissues of the lymphatic system.
Immunotherapy is a type of biological therapy. Biological therapy is a type of treatment that uses materials made from living organisms to treat cancer.
Photodynamic therapy uses a drug activated by light to kill cancer and other abnormal cells. When photosensitizing cells are exposed to a specific wavelength of light, The photosensitizer produces a form of oxygen, called an oxygen radical, who kills her.
Photodynamic therapy may also damage the blood vessels in the tumor. This prevents him from receiving the blood he needs to continue growing. It may also stimulate the immune system to attack cancer cells even in other areas of the body.
Stem cell transplants are procedures to restore hematopoietic stem cells in people whose cells have been destroyed by high doses of chemotherapy or radiotherapy used to treat some types of cancer.
Targeted therapy is a type of cancer treatment that targets the proteins that control how cancer cells grow, divide, and spread. It is the basis of precision medicine. As researchers learn more about the DNA changes and proteins that cause cancer, They will be better able to design treatments that target these proteins.
At the end of this article, we recommend seeking medical help in case of any changes in the nature of the body and feeling symptoms of cancer. Treatment at Duxpert Health focuses primarily on the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and how to control the symptoms associated with it.
It was also clarified in this article about ways to treat cancer through "Duxpert Health", and if you encounter any questions or inquiries, do not hesitate to send them to be answered as soon as possible.
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